GRE vs GMAT

It used to be fairly straightforward: if you wanted to go to get an MBA, you would almost certainly have to submit GMAT scores. However, in recent years, many business schools have started to accept the GRE in place of the GMAT.

What are the differences between the GRE and GMAT? Do business schools prefer one over the other? Should you take the GMAT or the GRE?

Prospective MBA students have the choice to submit either GMAT or GRE scores for their business school application. Both tests are accepted at many business schools, however, it’s worth researching the schools you're interested in to make sure both test scores are permitted. But what are the differences between the GMAT and the GRE? How do you decide which test to take? Read on for answers.

The GRE

The GRE test is required to gain admission to most graduate schools and a growing number of business schools.

It consists of a 60-minute Analytical Writing section, with two 30-minute essays. There are two 30-minute Verbal Reasoning sections; two 35-minute Quantitative Reasoning sections; a 30-35-minute experimental section that can be either math or verbal.

The GRE is offered as a computer adaptive by section exam (with paper versions offered in areas of the world where computer-delivered testing isn’t available). The verbal and quantitative scores marked from 130 to 170 in 1-point increments.

Test-takers have 3.75 hours to complete the test which is valid for five years.

The GMAT

The GMAT is required to gain admission at most business schools.It consists of a 30-minute Analytical Writing section with one essay, a 30-minute Integrated Reasoning section, a 62-minute Quantitative section and a 65-minute Verbal section.

The GMAT is a computer-adaptive test. The overall, or composite GMAT score ranges from 200 to 800 in 10-point increments. It takes 3.5 hours to complete the test, and the GMAT is valid for five years.

Differences between the GRE & GMAT

Business schools began accepting GRE scores instead of GMAT schools starting with the Stanford School of Business in 2005. Stanford made the decision to allow business school applicants to submit their GRE scores, because they thought it made sense given that their PhD applicants could submit GRE scores. Many schools accept the GRE because it widens their applicant pool, opening it up to people who are considering other degrees in addition to the MBA.

CRITERIA

GMAT 

GRE

Best For

Applying To Business Schools

Applying To Graduate Schools

Exam Focus

Math

Language

Length

3 hours 7 minutes

4 hours

Cost

$250

$205

GRE v. GMAT

Two logistical advantages the GRE has over the GMAT are cost and location. The GRE General Test costs $205 worldwide or the GRE Subject test is $150 globally, compared to the GMAT at $250. While $45 may not seem like a big deal, the price difference may become an issue if you need to retake the GMAT. The GRE is also offered at more locations than the GMAT.

There are also differences in the verbal and math content of the GRE and GMAT. The verbal section of the GRE is focused more on vocabulary. The GMAT verbalputs more emphasis on grammar, logic and reasoning skills. While both the GRE and GMAT are designed for native English speakers, the GRE favours those with a strong knowledge of English. That's why non-native English speakers may find the GMAT verbal section easier.

The biggest content difference, however, is the one between the GMAT and GRE math. GRE math emphasizes quick number sense and number manipulation. GMAT quant, however, requires you to create a systematic approach to answer word problems. To gain admission into business school, you need to demonstrate you have a quantitative background. So, if you come from a weaker quantitative background such as non-profit or the military, you will have to rely on the GMAT or GRE to show your quantitative skills. That's why your math abilities may be the deciding factor of what test you choose to take. 

GRE and GMAT Comparison by Content

 

GRE Syllabus

GMAT Syllabus

Analytical Writing

2 essay questions 30 min each (60 min total)

1 essay question 30 min

Quantitative

2 sections of 20 questions 35 min each (70 min total)

31 questions 62 min

Verbal

2 sections of 20 questions 30 min each (60 min total)

36 questions 65 min

Unscored or Research

1 section of 20 questions Either 30 or 35 min

N/A

Integrated Reasoning

N/A

12 questions 30 min

If you're a confident test taker, it's best to stick with the tried and tested GMAT. But if you're seeking a dual degree, such as a MBA/Master of Public Policy degree, the GRE may be the better choice as you only need to take one test. 

GRE or GMAT for MBA

Still not sure which test you should choose? Here's a course of action that will help you decide:

  • Make a list of schools you want to apply to: There are some business schools that strongly prefer the GMAT, so it’s important for applicants to investigate whether that’s the case for one of their desired schools.
  • Contact the school to see if they accept the GRE. Ask if taking one test over another gives you an advantage. Most likely, they will say no.

  • Math skills: Experts say the quantitative questions on the GMAT are generally more difficult than those on the GRE.
  • Language skills: Experts say the GRE features more obscure words on it than the GMAT verbal section.
  • Career goals: MBA applicants planning to work for management consulting firms or investment banking firms after business school should be warned that some firms ask for applicants to submit GMAT scores for the role, so keep that in mind.
  • Test fear: The GRE – unlike the GMAT – allows test-takers to save and return to questions within each section, which can reduce stress levels when completing the test.
  • Take a practice test for both the GMAT and the GRE. Take free practice GMAT test and GRE. Get familiar with the content of each test and see how you score.

Does a Certain Type of Person Do Better on the GRE or the GMAT?

While any “type” of person can achieve good scores on either test with enough studying and preparation, the GRE and GMAT may be better suited to different individuals with different preferences and skill sets.  Take a look at some of the statements below and see if they apply to you.

GRE GMAT
I find English and history classes easier. I find math and science classes easier.
On a test, I prefer to answer certain questions first and then go back and work on the ones I’ve skipped. On a test, I prefer to answer the questions in order without skipping any.
I’ve been told I’m right-brained. I’ve been told I’m left-brained.
I don’t mind taking a longer test. I have trouble taking a test that lasts more than three hours.
I prefer writing to calculating solutions. I prefer calculating solutions to writing.
The order in which sections of a test are presented doesn’t matter to me. I need to have some control over the order of sections in a test.
I would rather analyse a problem. I would rather solve a problem.
You might be better suited for the GRE You might be better suited for the GMAT

Once again, however, it is important to remember that these factors do not determine who does well and poorly on each test.  Both the GRE and GMAT test verbal and quantitative skills.  However, if you are having a difficult time deciding, thinking about the things that do and do not come naturally to you, this may help you make a decision.

While you may end up applying to schools with several different testing options, you need to focus on the test taking strategy that will serve you best during the application process.